欧美美女人体

    1. <form id=GjrCcGrOo><nobr id=GjrCcGrOo></nobr></form>
      <address id=GjrCcGrOo><nobr id=GjrCcGrOo><nobr id=GjrCcGrOo></nobr></nobr></address>

      Opposing trends on India’s solar thermal market 2020

      Opposing trends in India’s solar thermal market 2020

      In 2020, hopes for growth in India’s solar thermal market were dashed when Covid-19 spread like wildfire around the globe, causing a 10 % drop in annual capacity additions. A survey conducted by Malaviya Solar Energy Consultancy indicates 1.15 GWth (1.64 million m2) of glazed collector area was installed in India in 2020, compared to 1.27 GWth (1.81 million m2) in the prior year. Vacuum tube collectors again dominated sales, making up 87 % of new systems. The market for flat plate collectors, on the other hand, declined sharply, with sales falling by 24 % because of rather weak demand. And after the end of the national support scheme for concentrating solar heat projects, parabolic trough and concentrating dish collector capacity went down as well, coming to 1,482 m2 only (2,500 m2 in 2019). The analysis of the market development in India 2020 was supported by the project Solar Payback.?
      Source: Malaviya Solar Energy Consultancy
      ?
      Overall, India’s solar thermal manufacturers reported opposing trends in 2020, Malaviya said. They did feel negative impacts from the government restrictions placed on production and sales, a result of the country’s full lockdown in April and May and another partial one over several months. But they also noted that precautionary health measures, such as frequent hot baths, increased demand for solar water heaters.?
      ?
      The market data originates with a survey among India’s leading suppliers of solar vacuum tube collectors and major manufacturers of flat plate collectors and absorber fins. The following table breaks down vacuum tube sales in calendar year 2020 by tube size. The surveyed manufacturers confirmed that they imported more tubes than they were able to sell, so they had about 15 % still in stock at the end of 2020. An authorised market research agency which maintains data on goods imports to India validated their figures using import statistics under the four HS codes 84191920, 84199010, 84199090 and 84191910.?
      ?

      Tube size

      Estimated no. of tubes sold

      Proportion of vacuum tube sales

      Area per tube (m2)

      Total net area (m2)

      47 x 1500 mm

      42,475

      1 %

      0.158

      6,711

      58 x 1800 mm

      3,718,053

      71 %

      0.261

      970,412

      58 x 2100 mm

      1,478,600

      28 %

      0.306

      452,452

      Total no. of tubes

      5,239,128

      ?

      Total absorber area

      1,429,574

      Chinese vacuum tubes sold in India in calendar year 2020. In 2019, 5.856 million of these tubes were sold across India, adding up to 1,548,581 m2 (see this news article).
      Source: Malaviya Solar Energy Consultancy

      Last year, the newly installed flat plate collector capacity dropped by 24 %, from 191 MWth (272,156 m2) in 2019 to 145 MWth (207,279 m2) in 2020. Most of that capacity came from three fin tube manufacturers, namely Bhagyanagar, Emmvee Solar Systems and Greentek.?
      ?
      Bright prospects for commercial cooking
      In India, concentrating solar thermal collectors typically provide heat for either commercial cooking or industrial applications. Last year, commercial steam cooking for temples and community meal services continued to hold much appeal, as demonstrated by 11 new installations. This sector could see even more growth in the near future due to rising fuel oil prices.
      ?
      By contrast, industrial solar heat systems are a lot more difficult to sell, since the national support programme supporting those ended in March 2020, following a two-year extension approved by the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy in February 2018 (see this earlier news report). As for industrial solar heat projects using concentrating collectors, only a handful were commissioned in 2020 by Quadsun Solar Solutions and Sunrise CSP, both based in India, and Vicot, based in China. Market players expect SHIP to remain a niche market unless the support programme is revived, considering it provided grants worth 30 % of the investment costs. And as stand-alone hot water units, heat pumps are rapidly gobbling up industrial market shares, which has prompted solar collector manufacturers to set up parallel business units providing these types of solutions.
      ?
      Solar field installed by Inter Solar Systems at the top of a New Delhi hospital
      Photo: Jaideep Malaviya
      ?
      Karnataka state, India’s leader in solar water heating
      Last year, Karnataka state again took the lion’s share of capacity additions, at close to 65 % (50 % in 2019). The driving force in the state is a strict mandatory policy, overseen by local electric utilities since 2007. The first mover in this market was municipal utility BESCOM in Bengaluru, Karnataka’s capital. In 2009, BESCOM began denying access to the electric grid to households not equipped with a solar water heater. Until 2017, strict enforcement resulted in 1.234 million m2 of collector area being installed across the city. BESCOM’s policy was soon copied by Karnataka’s other four electric utilities, turning the state into India’s leader in solar water heater capacity additions, a title it has kept to this day.
      ?
      Websites of organisations mentionedin this article
      https://www.solar-payback.com/
      http://quadsunsolar.com/
      https://sunrisecsp.in/
      http://www.bhagyanagarindia.com/
      http://www.vicot.com.cn/
      https://emmvee.com/
      http://www.greentekindia.co.in/
      Share/Save

      By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. Find out more by following this link. Accept

      欧美人体艺术 大胆欧美人体艺术 色欲色香欧美在线视频 欧美性爱AV

      日韩理论电影 av日韩电影 欧美金发美女 日韩h

      欧美日韩成人 欧美成人 亚洲国产日韩a在线欧美 欧美综合自拍亚洲图久青草

      亚洲Av国产AV欧美AV 日本大胆欧美人术艺术动态 亚洲欧美人成视频一区在线 欧美大胆艺术照

      手机看片福利盒子日韩 欧美成人视频 日韩成人在线 欧美吧吧吧

      欧美2021色 欧美色五月 中文字幕日韩电影在线 特级a欧美做爰片

      欧美色情电影 日韩丝袜 日韩欧美中文字幕在线 亚洲欧美中文日韩v在线

      欧美14一18处 一木道日韩 欧美成年视频在线观看 欧美成人网

      日韩视频在线 日韩aV视频在线 色播日韩 欧美大黑吊

      日韩东京热 欧美 日本 freepeople性欧美熟妇 欧美萝莉

      欧美亚洲自偷自偷图片 日韩男同Gay片 欧美伦理 经典欧美gifXXOO动态图

      亚洲 日韩 国产 froeportvideos性欧美 欧美成人片 性欧美13处14处破

      色情欧美 亚洲欧美综合在线中文 欧美日韩国产 欧美freehdjapanese

      欧美三级 国产日韩欧美有码在线视频 欧美毛片 欧美另类videosbest喷潮

      有码日韩 欧美 丝袜 欧美 大尺度 亚洲欧美人成视频在线

      欧美老妇bbW FREEXXX性欧美 亚洲国产欧美日韩另类 日韩r级

      欧美色图网 亚洲日韩电影在线 日韩视频 欧美a片

      欧美黄色片 日韩综合网 国产欧美在线观看不卡 高清videosgratis欧美

      欧美Av在线播放 欧美se froeportvideos性欧美 日韩h

      国产日韩欧美有码在线视频 欧美侏儒XXX 欧美成年黄网站色视频 性欧美

      2018日韩 欧美hgame 日韩 伦理 老太婆交性欧美

      在线日韩日本国产亚洲 亚洲色图欧美色图 性欧美欧美巨大 欧美1234

      欧美2021日韩 欧美videos13virgin 亚洲图片欧美 大香蕉日韩

      日韩在线伦理 欧美13处交 日韩午夜电影 巨大GAY欧美

      性欧美13处14处破 日韩avi 欧美极品美女 日韩色

      日韩成人在线 欧美videosdesexo 欧美日韩视频 手机看片亚洲日韩

      欧美色情电影 欧美伦理电影 欧美人与动欧交视频 欧美种子下载

      欧美视频专区一二在线观看 成av人欧美大片 欧美成人图片 欧美 日本

      日韩在线视频观看 日韩 亚洲 日韩欧美在线综合网 欧美中老年牲交视频

      日韩av高清在线看片 欧美成人网 手机看片日韩国产欧美 日韩 在线观看

      欧美熟妇vdeos中国版 欧美磁力 亚洲日本欧美天堂在线 欧美色网址

      欧美高清videosSexO 欧美性爱大片 欧美视频免费 欧美高清videossex0ts

      gv日韩 性欧美13处14处破 欧美潮 人澡人人澡人人澡欧美

      国产亚洲日韩网曝欧美精品 欧美xXxXxX69 日韩美腿丝袜 观看欧美大片毛大片

      大尺度欧美剧 伦理片 日韩 欧美爱爱 欧美骚女

      日韩av片 国产日韩欧美有码在线视频 欧美性20HD另类 欧美性交

      ed2k日韩 亚洲图片欧美 好看的欧美爱情电影 日韩美女动态

      欧美2021日韩 欧美xxx 亚洲欧美国产综合在线 色妞网欧美

      欧美 magnet 欧美日韩成人 欧美亚洲 日韩爽了

      日韩 爱爱 欧美old老太妇 日韩欧美一中文字暮 欧美g片

      亚洲 在线 日韩 欧美老妇与青年 中美亚洲欧美综合在线 free性日韩

      欧美亚洲日韩大码 欧美巨乳 日韩av高清在线看片 亚洲日韩天堂在线

      免费特黄特黄的欧美大片 欧美肥老太牲交 欧美色五月 手机看片日韩国产高清视频

      欧美 国产 欧美亚洲日韩 欧美性爱 欧美se

      freeexxx性欧美 特级a欧美做爰片毛片 国产日韩超碰 欧美亚洲日韩

      日韩福利视频 手机看片手机看片日韩 欧美高清videossex0ts 欧美爱情

      欧美av下载 亚洲欧洲日韩综合一区在线 国产亚洲日韩a在线欧美 制服丝袜人妻日韩在线

      欧美女人与狗 伦理日韩 日韩高清视频 欧美激情视频

      chinese欧美大肥婆 欧美重口味 欧美巨乳 欧美日韩成人

      欧美xXxXxX69 日韩主播 BBWBBW欧美肥妇 手机看自拍自拍日韩

      性欧美高清come 欧美1234 国产欧美日韩亚洲更新 色爱综合网欧美av

      亚洲视频网站欧美视频网站 欧美三级在线完整版免费 欧美性爱AV 国产亚洲欧美在线专区

      欧美丝交 亚洲另类欧美综合在线 欧美疯狂feer性派对 欧美三级不卡在线观看

      欧美变态另类牲交 欧美级三级 欧美亚洲 性欧美XXxX

      亚洲日韩欧美国产春色 亚洲 日韩 国产 有码 在线中文字幕日本无码欧美 日韩中文欧美在线视频

      欧美人妖AA1片 欧美视频网站www色 亚洲日韩第一页 日韩成人电影

      日韩10000免费拍拍拍 欧美日韩视频高清一区 免费观看欧美日韩亚洲 欧美午夜不卡在线观看

      日韩中文欧美在线视频 欧美日韩成人 seerx性欧美 欧美黄图

      亚洲欧美中文日韩v在线观看 XyX性爽欧美 手机看片亚洲日韩 亚洲欧美中文日韩v在线

      HoMEmenuCopyrights 2015.All rights reserved.More welcome - Collect from power by english Blok number sss85786789633111 Copyright